Research

What we need to know about VR


1- VR model mimics the brain model (1)


VR shares with the brain the same basic mechanism: embodied simulation
Embodied simulation refers to the capacity we have to understand others ‘actions, basic intentions, emotions and sensations
The embodied simulatory process requires the activation of the mirror mechanism (mirror neurons)
VR is therefore an “embodied technology” for its possibility of modifying the embodiment experience of its users

2- VR is a powerful clinical tool (2)


VR exposure is effective for anxiety, autism, ADHD, eating disorders, psychosis, addiction, cognitive training and pain management
Why VR is so effective?
It increases the feeling of “presence”
It gives a higher level of control of the experience
It allows a better customization of the experience
It is safer and more private for the patient


1 Riva et al., 2019. Neuroscience of Virtual Reality: From Virtual Exposure to Embodied Medicine
2Parsons  et al., 2007. A Controlled Clinical Comparison of Attention Performance in Children with ADHD in a Virtual Reality Classroom Compared to Standard Neuropsychological Methods
2 Li et al., 2011. Virtual Reality and Pain Management: Current Trends and Future Directions
2 Garcia-Betances et al., 2015. Using Virtual Reality for Cognitive training of the Elderly
2 Meyerbroker et al., 2010. Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review of Process-and-Outcome Studies
2Valmaggia et al., 2016. Virtual Reality in the Psychological treatment for Mental Health Problems: A Systematic Review of Recent Evidence